Expand All Questions
Collapse All Questions
What is a civil suit?
A civil suit is a dispute between two or more parties in which one accuses the other of violating
some rule of civil law, which has caused an injury. Either party may be an individual or a
corporation. Parties may seek money damages or equitable relief such as injunctions.
Do I need a lawyer to represent me?
Frequently, parties retain a lawyer to represent them in general civil lawsuits. However, a
litigant may appear pro se (without a lawyer). Please note that in civil cases, all rules of
evidence apply. In order to promote orderly and swift administration of justice, this Court
adheres to both the rules and procedures established by the Superior Court and the Federal
Civil Procedure and Rules. The rules are binding on this Court and those who appear before it.
Further, the rules and procedures do not change because an individual may be representing
himself or herself. The court will require you to follow the same rules and procedures that
an attorney must follow.
Please note that all Court employees, including judicial assistants and Court Clerks, are
prohibited from preparing complaints and other documents required for the filing of a general
civil complaint. Court employees are prohibited from giving legal advice. If you have questions
about your legal rights, the law or how to proceed with your case, you are strongly urged to seek
the advice of an attorney. If you do not have an attorney, you may contact
Legal Services of the
at (340) 774-6720 on the island of St. Thomas or (340) 773-2626 on the island of St.
Croix. You may also contact the V.I. Bar Association
What do I do if I am served with a civil complaint?
If you are served with a civil complaint, you should consider speaking with an attorney as
soon as possible in order to ensure that you protect all of the civil and procedural rights
afforded to you under the law. Should you choose to proceed pro se, (without an attorney)
you must conduct all legal research on your own and provide an appropriate response within
the time provided for by law. Failure to respond or answer within a timely fashion can result
in judgment being entered against you.
What is the fee for filing a civil complaint?
The cost of filing a civil complaint is Fifty Dollars ($50.00).
What is the fee for issuing a Summons?
The fee for issuing a summons is Thirty Dollars ($30.00).
What is the fee for issuing a Subpoena?
The fee for issuing a subpoena is Thirty Dollars ($30.00).
What is Civil Mediation?
Mediation is a process whereby a neutral third person called a “mediator” acts to encourage
and facilitate the resolution of a dispute between two or more parties. Mediation can be an
expedient and cost-effective means of resolving disputes. It is an informal and non-adversarial
meeting where the parties themselves have an opportunity to discuss the disputed issues, and
reach a mutually agreeable resolution without having to proceed to trial. Counsel may represent
parties during the mediation, but the parties retain final authority in accepting proposed
How can a civil case be referred to mediation?
Superior Ct. R. 40(b)(1) states that a Judge may order the parties to mediate, or the parties
themselves may file a written stipulation to mediate any issue between them at any time.
Some cases may not be the subject of mediation, including criminal actions; appeals from rulings
of administrative agencies; forfeitures of seized property; habeaus corpus and extraordinary writs;
declaratory relief; any case assigned by the Court to a multidistrict tribunal; or other matters
as my be specified by order of a Judge in the territory.
Who are the individuals authorized to conduct civil mediations?
Individual mediators are certified by the Presiding Judge of the Superior Court. The requirements
for certification are provided for in Superior Court Rule 40. For a list of civil mediators
approved by the Superior Court, click here
Where can I find the Fees of the Clerk of the Court?